Medical tourism or health tourism is the travel of people to another country for the purpose of obtaining medical treatment in that country. Traditionally, people would travel from less developed countries to major medical centers in highly developed countries for medical treatment that was unavailable in their own communities, The recent trend is for people to travel from developed countries to third world countries for medical treatments because of cost consideration, though the traditional pattern still continues. Another reason for travel for medical treatment is because some treatments may not be legal in the home country, such as some fertility procedures.
The medical treatment, which some people seek and obtain in a foreign country, include elective procedures as well as complex specialized surgeries such as joint replacement (knee/hip), cardiac surgery, and cosmetic surgeries. Some people go abroad for dental surgery or fertility treatments. The main reasons for fertility tourism are legal regulation of the some procedure in the home country, or lower price. In-vitro fertilization, donor insemination and surrogacy are major procedures involved. People with rare genetic disorders may travel to another country where treatment of these conditions is better understood. However, virtually every type of health care, including psychiatry, alternative treatments, convalescent care and even burial services are available.
Citigrade Medical Tourism Services has developed a relationship that links potential medical tourists with provider hospitals and other organizations in various countries including India, US, UK South Africa to mention a few. Citigrade focuses on medical value travel typically provide nurses that manage and assist patients with pre- and post-travel medical issues. They may also help provide resources for follow-up care upon the patient’s return.